The Indus Bead Industry: Contributions to Bead Technology

Above: Necklace from Mohenjo-daro made from gold, agate, jasper, steatite and green stone (lizardite or grossular garnet). The gold beads are hollow and the pendant agate and jasper beads are attached with thick gold wire. Steatite beads with gold caps serve to separate each of the pendant beads.

Archaeology and the study of ancient peoples always has been a fascinating topic, but it has changed greatly from the early treasure hunting and collecting expeditions to the more scientific study of how human culture developed and what causes human culture to change. Recent studies of the Indus Civilization and the developments that preceded it during the Neolithic and Early Chalcolithic in the Indus Valley and Baluchistan are revealing many new aspects of human culture in South Asia.