Excavations in 2000 on the west side of Mound E (Trench 54) began with surface collecting to recover any significant artifacts including inscribed objects and craft indicators.
Harappa, Punjab ancient Indus civilization excavations, figurines, seals and other objects.
Ravi phase hand-formed (not in molds) mud-bricks were found in the early levels mixed with ash and broken pieces of pottery. They may originally have been part of a firing structure or kiln.
"In January 1921, Rai Bahadur Daya Ram Sahni sank in the north-western part of this mound the diagonal Trench A, 16 ft. wide and 500 ft.
Using interpretations presented in Meadow and others (1995), a reconstruction of the bastion/gateway area was completed in EarthVision. The computer reconstructions were based on an artistic rendering completed by HARP archaeologists.
"It was at this point that the large earthen jar (No. A 233 of the list and photo. No. 2741) came to light. The contents of this vessel were a number of domestic earthenware utensils, a stone chess figure, etc." - Daya Ram Sahni, Annual Progress
"Due south of Mound F, and across the village road going west to the hamlet the highest of all the mounds at Harappa of Hafiz Bullah, stands Mound AB—(PI. I). Roughly, it is a parallelogram in shape, measuring some 1,450 ft.
Excavations in Trench 39 South on Mound AB in 1996 revealed an extensive deposit of the Kot Diji phase occupation dating to between 2800 and 2600 BC. A geometric button seal (38) was found in the upper part of this rectangular Trench 39 South.
Excavations in 1997 at the southeast corner of the "granary" area were undertaken to recover a full sequence of pottery, architectural features, and inscribed objects.
The foreground well is only one of eight wells, public and private, that have thus far been discovered at Harappa. Most of the water used by the population probably came from the adjacent Ravi River.