"In January 1921, Rai Bahadur Daya Ram Sahni sank in the north-western part of this mound the diagonal Trench A, 16 ft. wide and 500 ft.
Harappa, Punjab ancient Indus civilization excavations, figurines, seals and other objects.
Panoramic view of Mound E with modern Harappa town at the far left. In the center are excavation areas from 1987-1990. At the right is the area of Trench 54, excavated in 2000, that exposes the earliest levels of the ancient Harappan Period city.
Above: Animal on Burial Jar from Harappa "A long march preceded our arrival at Haripah, through jangal of the closest description.
View of Harappa Mound AB Trench 39N from the North showing the earliest Ravi [Aspect of the Hakra] phase occupation levels (Period IA, ca. 3300 BC). These levels revealed traces of post molds from houses that were oriented N-S/E-W.
The gateway area is located at the southeast corner of Mound E and is part of a mudbrick perimeter wall that was first recognized in 1990. The bastion area consists of a Period 3B (2450-2200 B.C.) wall built upon a Period 3A (2600-2450 B.C.) wall,
"Six large trenches have been sunk in this mound, viz., three to the west and three to the east of the central belt.
"It was therefore decided to carry a trench wide and long enough to lay bare the general lie of the remains hidden in it. A plan and section of this trench will be published in a special article and will show the nature of the structural remains exposed."
The excavation map is defined by the Harappa Archaeological Research Project, and shows the extent of occupation phases during different chronological phases.
Excavations in Trench 39 South on Mound AB in 1996 revealed an extensive deposit of the Kot Diji phase occupation dating to between 2800 and 2600 BC. A geometric button seal (38) was found in the upper part of this rectangular Trench 39 South.