The central area of Mound A/AB was continuosly rebuilt in ancient times. Behind the curved wall is a well and below it what may have been a public bathing area.
Harappa, Punjab ancient Indus civilization excavations, figurines, seals and other objects.
I currently work as a forensic anthropologist and archaeologist for the U.S. government. I am also the Assistant Field Director of the Harappa Archaeological Research Project (HARP) in central Punjab, Pakistan.
Whether or not the masks/amulets and attachable water buffalo horns were used in magic or other rituals, unusual and composite animals and anthropomorphic/animal beings were clearly a part of Indus ideology.
The appropriation of animal attributes can be accomplished through such paraphernalia as masks/amulets and other objects that can be attached to a costume.
Loosely included under the rubric of terracotta "figurines" are the terracotta masks found at some Harappan sites. One mask clearly has a feline face with an open mouth with exposed fangs, a beard, small round ears and upright bovine horns.
One type of wheeled figurine has lateral holes for the axles through the ends of the legs.
Approximate dimensions (W x H(L) x D): 3.6 x 11.0 x 7.5 cm.
A small subset of the figurines from Harappa originally had wheels. Of the many small terracotta wheels found at Harappa, at least some must have been intended for these wheeled objects.
Some movable figurine heads are pierced in other places, such as through the horns on either side of the head.
Approximate dimensions (W x H(L) x D): 7.2 x 9.4 x 3.0 cm.