Once in a while a book comes along that so radically shifts your perspective and ways of thinking about a complex subject that it can only be called breathtaking. Against the Grain A Deep History of the Earliest States (2017), by Yale Agrarian Studies Professor James C. Scott is one such book.
Books on the evolution or change in popular theory of the field and study of the ancient Indus Valley and Harappan people, their culture, architecture, artifacts, and language as well as the change of the locations and sites themselves.
This is the first book to focus on the role of Southern Asia and Australia in our understanding of modern human origins and the expansion of Homo sapiens between East Africa and Australia before 30,000 years ago.
It spreads over an area of more than a million sq km, an area much bigger than the Mesopotamian and the Egyptian Civilizations which are famous for their sepulchral splendor. Though technologically innovative, the Indus Civilization in marked by a modesty and the functionality of its architecture and artifacts.
A BOOK REVIEW of Asko Parpola's investigation of twin roots of Hinduism, the religion brought to South Asia in the second millennium BCE by speakers of Aryan or Indo-Iranian languages, and the more enigmatic Indus civilization of the third millennium BCE.
With a note by Iravatham Mahadevan.