This area in Mound AB, excavated in the 1920's revealed large houses thought to have belonged to upper class members of ancient Indus society.
Harappa Mound AB Related Slides. Mound AB is apparently the oldest and was the first Mound at Harappa to be excavated.
Harappa Mound AB, Trench 39N, showing the Kot Diji phase (Period 2, ca. 2800-2600 BC) and later levels during excavation.
Daya Ram Sahni continues his narrative after the ringstone discussion on the Mound AB excavations: "The floor level of the building referred to above was reached at the depth of about thirteen feet below the surface of the mound.
Plan view of Trench 39N Kot Diji phase levels (Period 2: 2800-2600 BC) with locations noted for major finds: sealing, elephant seal, inscribed sherds, limestone weight. This area appears to have been a street running between mud-brick structures.
"A second trench was started in the western portion of this mound, but I was so completely bewildered by the enormous accumulations of earth that had to be cleared away that it appeared futile to continue it at the present stage." At this point Sahni
"In the northern portion of this mound, Rai Bahadur Daya Ram Sahni excavated a considerable area (B) in the years 1920-21, 1923-24 and 1924-25. He began by sinking a trial trench 55 ft. long by 20 ft.
Excavations in 1996 revealed two Period 2 small kilns for making figurines and bangles, as well as preserved floors with Kot Diji style pottery, beads, and figurines
The man at the center of this image is likely to be Daya Ram Sahni [see closer view], but further work is needed to absolutely be certain of identity of the individuals in the photographs. In this overview looking from the southwest to the
Overview of Harappa Mound AB, Trench 39N, showing the Kot Diji phase levels in the foreground and the Harappa phase levels above, beginning with a baked brick drain (on the far left) and ending with the brick wall that can be seen just behind and