Jonathan Mark Kenoyer

Slides on the archaeology and excavation of ancient Indus Valley sites including Harappa by Jonathan Mark Kenoyer of the University of Wisconsin, Madison.

Molded tablet

Plano convex molded tablet showing a female deity battling two tigers and standing above an elephant. A single Indus script depicting a spoked wheel is above the head of the deity.

On the reverse (89), an individual is spearing a water buffalo with

Three objects

Three terra cotta objects that combine human and animal features. These objects may have been used to tell stories in puppet shows or in ritual performances.

On the left is a seated animal figurine with female head.

Mask

Miniature mask from Mohenjo-daro of bearded horned deity. The face is made from a mold and thumb impressions from pressing the clay are visible on the back. The mouth is somber and the long almond shaped eyes are open.

Shell ladle

Large ladle found with burial pottery in a disturbed burial of the Harappan cemetery. Shell ladles were probably used in special rituals for dispensing sacred liquids such as water or oil.

Libation vessels

Libation vessels made of the conch shell Turbinella pyrum. One of these is decorated with vermilion filled incised lines. A single spiraling design is carved around the apex and a double incised line frames the edge of the orifice.

Steatite beads

These tiny steatite beads were found in the Harappan cemetery and come from an elaborate hair ornament worn by a male individual. Each bead is less than .01 cm long and less than .01 cm diameter.

Glazed tiles

The technique of glazing blue-green tiles using recipes that are very similar to those used by the Indus craftsmen is still practiced in many centers throughout the Indus valley.

Faience ornaments

A collection of faience ornaments from Harappa. The Harappans developed a very compact glassy faience that was produced in a variety of colors, ranging from white, to blue green, deep blue and even red-brown.

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