The new green shoots of the thorny wild caper trees of Sindh and Punjab can be crushed with alkaline salts to create a paint-like substance that will bleach white lines on carnelian when heated to the proper temperature.
Modern views of ancient Indus Valley sites.
Mohammad Nawaz (center) and Zaman (right) holding replicas of hand-built Ravi style pottery. Bashir on the left holds an original Ravi bowl-on-stand that dates to around 3300 BCE.
Mohammad Nawaz, master potter from Harappa, demonstrates how fish scale and intersecting circle motifs may have been painted onto Harappan pottery.
The technique of glazing blue-green tiles using recipes that are very similar to those used by the Indus craftsmen is still practiced in many centers throughout the Indus valley.
Throughout Pakistan and India, special breeds of sheep are raised for sacrifice during religious festivals such as Qurbani Eid.
Local farmers near Mohenjo-daro breed bulls for racing with small carts. This pair has just won a race.
A view of modern Harappa city which is built on top of a large portion of the ancient mound. Many of the streets and houses of the modern town are built directly above earlier streets and houses of ancient Harappa.