Modern views of ancient Indus Valley sites.

Wild caper trees

The new green shoots of the thorny wild caper trees of Sindh and Punjab can be crushed with alkaline salts to create a paint-like substance that will bleach white lines on carnelian when heated to the proper temperature.

Glazed tiles

The technique of glazing blue-green tiles using recipes that are very similar to those used by the Indus craftsmen is still practiced in many centers throughout the Indus valley.


Throughout Pakistan and India, special breeds of sheep are raised for sacrifice during religious festivals such as Qurbani Eid.

Modern Harappa

A view of modern Harappa city which is built on top of a large portion of the ancient mound. Many of the streets and houses of the modern town are built directly above earlier streets and houses of ancient Harappa.


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