One of the most exciting discoveries of the 1998 excavation season was finding a seal impression or sealing in a hearth of the Early Harappan Period (Kot Diji Phase, circa 2800 BCE). Here William Belcher is seen photographing the important discovery
Excavators working at ancient Indus Valley civilization sites.
After scraping the surface, excavations of the upper slope of Trench 54 South revealed scattered bricks and a terra cotta molded tablet.
Excavations in 1998 expanded the area of Trench 11 which lies to the west of Trench 10 on Mound E in order to recover seals and inscribed objects inside actual houses.
Clearing the ancient Harappan debris from the eroded surface outside of the mud brick city wall at the eastern edge of Mound E. In 1997 this area of Trench 11 was cleared to define the stratigraphic sequence between Period 3B and 3C.
The excavations of the lower slope area of Trench 54 South revealed a robbed brick wall void filled with rubble (foreground) and a room filled with manufacturing debris from faience and steatite working.
Mohammad Shamoon (black turban) and Abdul Sattar (flowered turban) are highly trained excavators who have worked with the Harappa project since 1986. Here they are carefully uncovering manufacturing debris in Trench 54 South.
Laboratory assistants Mohammad Naim, Shokat Ali, Said Ahmed, and Mukthar Massih carry the cleaned and conserved ringstone to the Harappa Museum for display.
J. Mark Kenoyer using the bamboo ladder to get an overview of the excavation area in Trench 54 South. Photography is done using digital, film, and video cameras.