Ancient Indus civilization and earlier pottery.
This painted bowl at the Guimet is from the Mundigak IV period, 2900-2400 BCE and involves some elaborate and very finely painted designs that could be an abstraction of the pipal leaf, sacred or of great reverence to Mundigak and Indus cultures.
"These balloon glasses are characteristic of the urban period [Period IV]. Most often, their decor includes either rows of caprids with an elongated body and hatching in the Iranian style of Susa II, or leaves of the pipal tree so frequent in the
A painted goblet from Mundigak IV, dated from approximately 2500-2000 BCE. Note the stylized design accompanying the pipal leaf, also seen on the painted bowl opening this series. Bridget and Raymond Allchin describe "the emergence of a Baluchistan
A Mundigak III (3400-2900 BCE) bowl. J.F. Jarrige writes in The Early Architectural Traditions of Greater Indus as Seen from Mehrgarh, Baluchistan "Work conducted at Mehrgarh has clearly shown that the cultural assemblage of the preurban phases of
All pottery from the first part of the Ravi Phase was hand built. Most of the forms were finely made shallow bowls, deep bowls, narrow-mouthed carinated vessels, or thick walled cooking pots.
Dating to c. 3100 BCE, this hand-built pot with polychrome decoration is one of the earliest examples of intersecting circle motif in the Indus valley region.
In one of the rooms uncovered in Trench 54, a pottery fragment with a sunburst painted decoration was discovered that could be dated to the the beginning of the Harappan Period, perhaps as early as 2600 BC.
Whereas many other motifs of the Ravi Phase (Period 1) disappear in the later Kot Diji Phase (Period 2), the intersecting circle and fish scale motifs continued to be used, but they came to be executed in black paint on a red slip.