Excavation History

Items related to the history of excavations at ancient Indus Civilization sites.

Mundigak Palace II

"We must therefore consider the ‘ramparts’ as monumental structures in much the same way as the ‘palace’ and ‘temple’ are, part of an overall monumentalisation of Mundigak that marks Period IV.

Brahuis in the 1820s

Above: Gohar Basta, or Cyclopean Vestige [Baluchistan] Wood Engraving from a drawing by Charles Masson (1842)
"The ziarat on the crest of Chehel Tan is one of great veneration among the Brahui tribes, and I may be excused, perhaps, for preserving

Kalat in the 1820s

"Kalat, the capital of Balochistan, and the residence of the khan, is but a small town, seated on the eastern acclivity of a spur from the hill called Shah Mirdan.

"It is in form oblong, and surrounded by a crenated wall of mud, chiefly of moderate

Excavation Site

It was one of 388 unicorn seals found during the excavations in Mohenjo-daro led by the British archaeologist Ernest Mackay between 1927 and 1931. Mackay dated the seal to the late Period IB, or approximately 2,000 B.C

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