One of the nice thing about archaeology is the surprises. Surprises like finding the Ghaggar-Hakra aka Sarasvati River according to some was not flowing in any big way during the Indus period (3500 BCE-1800 BCE).

Papers of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, vol. 86.

Of all the untapped veins to mine in ancient Indus studies, none may be as rich as the thousands of figurines excavated from all sites.

Photographs of the new Indus section and an exclusive interview with Curator Daniela de Simone on how it all came together.

"In a city like Mohenjo-daro, the excavators have said that the thick-walled houses could have taken an upper storey; there were several rooms and courtyards to a house, but whether each of these was the space for specific activities, we don’t know."

Among the more intriguing questions from site visitors, answered by three Indus archaeologists, from India, Italy and Finland.

The distinguished Indian archaeologist Shereen Ratnagar talks about the preconceptions and limitations of Indian archaeology, reflecting on "the kind of subtle points that don't always get taught in archaeology departments."

Ancient Indus research is constrained by a shortage of funds. One of the longest lasting, most successful projects has been the Harappa Archaeological Research Project (HARP), run by the University of Wisconsin, Madison, Harvard University and New York University since 1986.

Another question from site visitors answered by leading archaeologists.

Preliminary results from recent surveys along the little explored coast of Sindh and Balochistan, where the evidence of ancient human habitation along a one-time mangrove coast keeps growing.

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