All pottery from the first part of the Ravi Phase was hand built. Most of the forms were finely made shallow bowls, deep bowls, narrow-mouthed carinated vessels, or thick walled cooking pots.
Ravi Phase objects, motifs and images. The pre-Indus Ravi or Hakra Phase dates to approximately 3300-2800 BCE.
From different levels of the Ravi phase come these terracotta beads (center string) and hard stone beads made from carnelian, amazonite, and lapis lazuli.
Ravi phase microbeads of lapis lazuli (top row), amazonite, and carnelian (bottom row) indicate the size and nature of the drills used for perforation. The largest of the illustrated beads is less than one centimeter in diameter.
Whereas many other motifs of the Ravi Phase (Period 1) disappear in the later Kot Diji Phase (Period 2), the intersecting circle and fish scale motifs continued to be used, but they came to be executed in black paint on a red slip.
Chipped carnelian bead blanks indicate that the initial stages of bead manufacture were taking place in this part of the Ravi phase settlement.
J. Mark Kenoyer assisted by Peter Eltsov carefully uncover and mark Ravi phase bead manufacturing debris in preparation for mapping and photography.
This Ravi Phase hand-built pot with polychrome design was found next to the one with intersecting circles illustrated earlier (11). The net and bird motifs are found at other sites to the northwest in Bannu district, but they do not continue into the
Ravi phase bead manufacturing debris includes extremely fine microdebitage as well as flakes and drills (marked with the green flag).
Pedestaled vessels such as this hand-built painted bowl-on-stand of the Ravi Phase appear to be the predecessors of a vessel form that becomes more common during the later Kot Diji and Harappa Phases.