This sketch was made by Mackay of House VIII, A section in the H.R. area of Mohenjo-daro.
Excavations at the HR (Hargreaves) area of Mohenjo-daro.
Although most wells were located inside private buildings, the city planners of Mohenjo Daro provided some public wells that could be accessed directly from the main street.
Wells were made with wedge shaped bricks to make a strong circular structure. Some bricks were made with special grooves to keep the ropes from sliding sideways when drawing water.
As structures were filled and street levels were raised, the drains eventually became useless and were blocked with debris and brick walls.
The small room in the center of the photograph contained 14 skeletons, thought to be the remains of a massacre.
A small room located at the edge of the street (in the center of the photograph) is where fourteen skeletons of so-called massacre victims were discovered.
In some neighborhoods, large courtyards were connected to numerous smaller buildings built at different levels. The pilastered wall on the left supported houses at a higher level.
The small lane at the left side of the photograph was called Dead Man's Lane because of the discovery of a single skeleton where the wall juts out into the lane. The large street running north south is First Street.
Two structure with a hole and drain located are thought to have been toilets. While these two structures may have been unique examples of toilets, most people would have used old pots set into the ground as commodes.
Toilets would have been an essential feature in Mohenjo-daro, but the early excavators identified most toilets as post-cremation burial urns or sump pots. This brick structure (one of two - see Slide 48) had a hole in the top that was connected to a