House A1 may have been a temple or palace of an important leader. Two doorways lead to a narrow courtyard at a lower level. A double staircase leads to an upper courtyard surrounded by several rooms.
Excavations at the HR (Hargreaves) area of Mohenjo-daro.
Many houses had stairs leading to upper courtyards of the building or to a second floor. This house in HR area had a double staircase that would allow people to enter and exit the upper courtyard in an orderly fashion.
Looking from the top of the granary towards the remains of two wells and the wall that were constructed in the area to the north of the structure. The drain from the great bath would have run along the modern pathway.
A massive block of brick architecture at the southeast corner of the "citadel" mound was thought to represent a gateway with large brick bastions. Later construction of a wall (in the center of the photo) blocked the entryway.
Looking south along Street 3, which runs parallel to First Street in HR area. Agricultural fields and scrub jungle south of the site are visible in the distance.
Some of the later houses in HR area were constructed on top of massive deposits of garbage consisting of brick rubble, broken pottery and sometimes a thin layer of crushed, vitrified terracotta nodules.
The foundations of many houses were constructed on top of massive mud brick platforms such as this one eroding from the edge of the mound along the major east-west street dividing HR and VS areas.
Standing in HR area and looking northwest at the juncture of Last Street (east west) and First Street (north south). VS area is seen on the other side of the street and the stupa mound rises in the background.
This general view of houses in HR area shows the color of the brick walls prior to use of mud brick and clay slurry for conservation. The lower parts of the walls have the natural reddish color of fired brick.