In the early 1990s, I was a new graduate student in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. In order to prepare myself for taking my qualifying exams, I was sitting in on Dr. J.
Fish objects and signs from ancient Indus Civilization sites.
The aquatic environments around Harappa are riverine and composed of marshlands, oxbow lakes, and the River Ravi itself.
The following slides are related to certain species of riverine catfish, including the families Siluridae, Bagridae, and Sisoridae.
While this fish is common in the archaeological deposits, Wallago attu and Rita rita are the most common. However, this fish, locally known as Goonch is one of the largest catfish known in Asia.
Spiny eels are relatively uncommon in the archaeological record and within the general diet of the Punjabi folk. These fish also can survive in extremely environments in soft mud with little water.
One of the main methods of catching fish is using casting or throw nets. The mesh size (or “eye”) is currently controlled by fisheries laws by the Punjab Province. However, mesh size will vary depending on the target species of fish.
Seine nets are the dominant net used to harvest fish in the oxbows. Again, the “eye” or mesh size of the net is controlled by the Punjabi government, but allow the oxbows to be harvested through a series of sweeps across the entire body of water.