Standing in HR area and looking northwest at the juncture of Last Street (east west) and First Street (north south). VS area is seen on the other side of the street and the stupa mound rises in the background.
Ancient Indus Valley and related civilization citadel excavations
One relatively successful low cost techniques used to combat the destructive nature of salts in the fired bricks is to cover the walls with a thick layer of mud and straw plaster and to spray them with clay slurry.
The pathway leading from VS to DK-I area follows the natural topography of the mounds. The eroding surface is littered with over fired nodules, pottery, brick fragments and other artifacts that are heavily encrusted with efflorescent salts.
Narrow brick walls define the outlines of a small room or courtyard in the low-lying area between L and SD Areas on the Citadel Mound.
The foundations of many houses were constructed on top of massive mud brick platforms such as this one eroding from the edge of the mound along the major east-west street dividing HR and VS areas.
Some of the later houses in HR area were constructed on top of massive deposits of garbage consisting of brick rubble, broken pottery and sometimes a thin layer of crushed, vitrified terracotta nodules.
Earth and debris excavated from the houses and streets of DK-I area was dumped directly onto parts of the unexcavated mound, making it difficult to discern where the original mound ends and where the dirt pile begins.