On an early winter morning the mist settles in the low-lying areas of Mohenjo daro between the "citadel" and the "lower town". In the distance the heavy mist on the Indus River forms a solid white line.
Ancient Indus Valley and related civilization citadel excavations
Local villagers cross the site in a donkey cart in the early morning mist, with the Buddhist stupa perched on top of the "citadel" mound. The modern road winds through the low-lying area between the "citadel" and "lower town."
ACC - Citadel Gateway Southeast Room associated with the massive fired brick walls at the southeastern corner of the Citadel Mound. Wheeler identified this structure as a fortification wall and postern gate. No. 110 also 1114 pencilled in back
The eroded edges of the "citadel" mounds are covered with red brick dust and pottery, with traces of lighter mud brick revealing the underlying platforms that form the foundations of the uppermost buildings.
ACC - Citadel Gateway Southeast Excavations of the gateway area viewed from the southeast, looking northwest. The brick walls and rooms have been fully exposed. See slide 26Q for a view from the north. No. 112
ACC - Citadel Gateway Southeast Overview of excavated remains of the so-called city wall and gateway at the southeast edge of the citadel mound at Mohenjo-daro.
West of the "citadel" mound are lush farmlands watered by modern irrigation channels. A levee protecting the site from annual floods divides the irrigated land from the salt encrusted sediments surrounding the ancient site.
This general view of houses in HR area shows the color of the brick walls prior to use of mud brick and clay slurry for conservation. The lower parts of the walls have the natural reddish color of fired brick.