Before the first real excavations at Harappa, there were the fragmented impressions of European visitors, strange seals in an unknown language, discussions in journals among mystified amateurs and archaeologists.
One trial excavation in a hundred years. The map above from the 1870s. More puzzles.
This series is the chronological record of the first signs that Harappa was an extraordinary archaeological site, from the original descriptions by Masson in 1825 to Daya Ram Sahni's inkling that something was worth investigating in 1917. In 1921 Sahni led the first excavations at Harappa. Three years later, the discovery of the ancient Indus civilization was announced to the world. What were the original pieces of evidence that put archaeologists on the path to this extraordinary discovery?