Essay on deciphering the written communication or writing system and script of the Harappan or Ancient Indus Valley Civilization, by Asko Parpola.
The Indus script represents logo-syllabic writing.
Notes 1. This paper is a revised English version of Parpola: 1985 and essentially a summary of earlier published original work.
1. Meeting the Challenge of the Indus Script In 1920, excavations at Harappa brought to light the ruins of a large brick-laid city, and soon a whole unknown civilization was uncovered in and around
1. Map by J.M. Kenoyer, courtesy Harappa Archaeological Project (HARP). 2. A scheme of the evolution of different types of scripts.