Essay on deciphering the written communication or writing system and script of the Harappan or Ancient Indus Valley Civilization, by Asko Parpola.
1. Map by J.M. Kenoyer, courtesy Harappa Archaeological Project (HARP).
2. A scheme of the evolution of different types of scripts.
1. Meeting the Challenge of the Indus Script
In 1920, excavations at Harappa brought to light the ruins of a large brick-laid city, and soon a whole unknown civilization was uncovered in and around
1. This paper is a revised English version of Parpola: 1985 and essentially a summary of earlier published original work.
The Indus script represents logo-syllabic writing.