Whether or not the masks/amulets and attachable water buffalo horns were used in magic or other rituals, unusual and composite animals and anthropomorphic/animal beings were clearly a part of Indus ideology.
Headdress related figurines and objects from the ancient Indus civilization.
Male figurines are sometimes also identified by secondary sex characteristics such as beards. Occasionally, male figurines wear a headdress with two upward and/or outward projections like horns.
Most male figurines from Harappa do not wear headdresses. An unusual exception is a standing male figurine wearing a fan-shaped headdress usually worn by female figurines as well as a choker with pendants.
The infants being nursed by female figurines are usually very schematically represented by a bent and pinched roll of clay with or without applied eyes.
Both male and female figurines may have hair swept around the top of the head, to the side, or to the front. Some female figurines also have a somewhat simple flaring headdress with an attached headband.
Approximate dimensions (W x H x D): 2.9 x 7.1
The hair of female figurines is sometimes bound up in a sort of "turban".
Approximate dimensions (W x H x D): 3.6 x 9.5 x 2.8 cm.
In addition to headdresses and hair decorations, loose hair is sometimes depicted on figurines. A few figurines have painted black hair extending from the back of the head to below the shoulders.
Approximate dimensions (W x H x D): 3.9 x 5.2 x 2.6
The "cones" that often decorate figurine headdresses may be reproductions of the small gold cones that have been found at Indus Civilization sites. Similar small gold cones are still used as hair ornaments in South Asia.
Approximate dimensions (W x
Other female figurines have a double volute headdress that is usually decorated and sometimes painted black as well.