An essay by Iravatham Mahadevan in response to the studies of Asko Parpola concerning the script and writing system of the Ancient Indus Valley Civilization.
Asko Parpola Asko Parpola needs no introduction to those interested in the problems of the Indus script.
The Coming of the Aryans Parpola proposes a new theory about when, from where and how the Aryans came into the Indian sub-continent and the identity of the Dasas (Dasyus) who were their traditional
Myth of the Aryan Invasion It has often been pointed out that the complete absence of the horse among the animals so prominently featured on the Indus seals is good evidence for the Non-Aryan
Pictorial Interpretation of the Indus Signs The Indus script has about 400 signs and is mainly pictographic in character.
[Recently discovered token or tablet, Harappa] Structural studies of the Indus inscriptions have been carried out by a number of scholars ever since the discovery of the Indus Civilization and its
Structural Analysis by Parpola No attempt at linguistic decipherment of an unknown script can hope to succeed unless it is preceded by a thorough structural analysis of the available inscriptions to
Parpola's Methodology of Decipherment Parpola's methodology for deciphering the Indus script consists essentially of two parts, namely the rebus principle generally applicable to all ancient
The 'Fish' Signs Fig. 1: Number and Fish Signs The 'fish' sign: Starting Point As the starting point for his linguistic decipherment Parpola accepts the famous rebus (Fig.
The Planets Fig. 2: Modified Fish Signs 'Modified fish' signs: Planets and a Star The Indus texts very often feature the 'fish' sign modified by some diacritic-like markings (Fig.II). These signs