|Seals were used to make a sealing, or positive imprint, like this modern
resin one made from the original seal. Sealings were used in
ancient times for trade. They would be made on ceramics or the clay tags
used to seal the rope around bundles of goods.
Ancient Mesopotamian seals from the same period functioned in this
manner. Numerous Indus seals have been found in ancient Mesopotamian
cities. There is evidence for settlements of Indus valley traders in
ancient Mesopotamia, in the form of Mesopotamian seals with Indus
The letters above may designate someone's name or class. The final
pictograph (there is agreement from manufacturing evidence that seals
were read from right to left) is related to a possible class of three
common endings. They feature the sign of someone carrying goods,
possibly indicating a trading group or caste.