Ancient Indus Civilization Videos

48 ancient Indus civilization videos curated by Ilona Aronovsky (the few worth watching).
27:51 Dennys Frenez, Massimo Vidale

Drs. Dennis Frenez and Massimo Vidale, two leading Indus scholars discuss the layout and features in Mohenjo-daro, including the so-called "Little Great Bath" and Indus water symbolism. Interesting conjectures around, for example, structures around trees in the city, as well as some of the more interesting houses in the city's HR-A area, including Marshall's House VIII that suggests some houses endured, with changes, for centuries.

27:25 Gregg M. Jamison

Ancient Indus sites in Gujarat have both Indus and non-Indus material culture, revealing a distinct regional integration that "parallels other ancient and modern globalization processes," in the words of Dr. Jamison. Seals are a great source of studying this interaction: how are these seals both different and similar?

43:57 P. Ajithprasad, Gregg Jamison

P. Ajithprasad and Gregg Jamison expertly review two recently excavated fortified sites in Gujarat and the seal and sealing finds in stratigraphic context to speculate on their use and purpose.

26:20 Marta Ameri

Dr. Marta Ameri discusses the various types of seals and sealings, with emphasis on the fact that seals were primarily made to be reproduced.

25:48 Jonathan Mark Kenoyer

From the earliest bone seal fragment discovered at Harappa, from 4000 BCE to the varied, diverse seals of around 2500 BCE to the later, fewer ones after 1900 BCE, Jonathan Mark Kenoyer discusses styles and technologies in a long seal-making tradition.

19:14 V.N. Prabhakar

A fascinating look at inscribed objects from a site near Rakigarhi, which goes from the inscriptions that likely belonged to spindle whorls used by weavers to more complex identity and other graffiti markers that may have designated ownership.

20:24 Ayumu Konaskuwawa

Ayumu Konaskuwawa of Kyoto University goes through the first chronology and detailed study of Indus seal production in Kunal, Farmana, Banawali, and Rakigarhi based on the latest scientific techniques.

20:01 Randall Law

Dr. Randall Law gives in in-depth analysis of the steatite manufacturing debris used in ancient Indus seals to show how the bulk of it came from sources in the far north including Hazara and Jammu.

25:02 Dennys Frenez

Dr. Dennys Frenez discusses the larger frame of seals and sealings in the ancient world and how ancient Indus seals found outside South Asia fit into this picture.

1:13:27 Nayanjot Lahiri

The author of Finding Forgotten Histories How the Indus Civilization was Discovered tells the story of the earliest investigators and discoveries that led to Harappa and Mohenjo-daro being recognized as remants of a large Bronze Age Civilization that we now know stretched over much of the north-western subcontinent.

1:05:03 Jonathan Mark Kenoyer

Dr. Jonathan Mark Kenoyer discusses some of the earliest trade items linking coastal, interior Indus and distant regions together. They were also important public symbols of identify, gender, wealth, status and ethnicity.

1:04:15 Steffen Terp Laursen

The leader of the Danish expeditions excavating the ancient civilization of Dilmun, now in Bahrain, a key connector between the ancient Indus and Mesopotamian civilization. Towards the end of the Indus civilization, it seems as if Indus people helped establish seal and weight technologies and other cultural practices that led to a flourishing of this civilization.

33:22 Jonathan Mark Kenoyer

Dr. J.M. Kenoyer surveys the rise of the ancient Indus civilization, its indigenous origins and how the latest research is changing our perspective on the civilization. This includes new research on climate change, raw material procurement, the wide expanse of the civilization and connections between cities.


Dr. Jonathan Mark Kenoyer discusses the oldest evidence of cotton in the world, at the site of Mehrgarh in Balochistan, and early uses of cotton and other fibres in the ancient Indus civilization. Examples of textile use compared with similar patterns and usage in modern times.


Jonathan Mark Kenoyer's Deccan College Lecture on April 10 2021 goes into the earliest evidence of textiles in the greater Indus Valley, from Mehrgarh in 7000 BCE through Indus times, digging into the specific varieties of cotton, linen, flax, silk and other plant fibers and even colours used.