Harappa, Punjab ancient Indus civilization excavations, figurines, seals and other objects.
Faience tablet (H2001-5082/2920-02) made from two colors of faience was found eroding from the Trench 54 South workshop area.
The impressions of a pipal leaf found in the upper clay levels of the drain (shown here with a modern pipal leaf) indicate that what many think was a sacred tree even at that time was growing in the ancient city of Harappa.
"Mound F is the northernmost mound on the site, and measures roughly 780' from north to south by 970', from east to west. At the time of General Cunningham’s visit the height of this mound was 2.5 to 30 feet above the surrounding land, and it is still about the same."
This map of Harappa was published by Madho Sarup Vats in his 1941 monograph on Harappa Excavations at Harappa: Being an account of archaeological excavations at Harappa carried out between the years 1920-21 and 1933-34. Volume I - Text; Volume II -
"As already stated, the principal mounds form a rough parallelogram. designated AB, E, and the one occupied by the present town are higher and larger than Mounds F, D and the Thana Mound."
The earliest settlement, during Period 1 (c. 3300-2800 BC), was on the west side of Mound AB and NW corner of Mound E. During Period 2 (c. 2800-2600 BC) all of Mounds AB and E came to be occupied, and by the end of Period 3 (c.
After many decades of research, the Indus Civilization is still something of an enigma -- an ancient civilization with a writing system that still awaits convincing decipherment, monumental architecture whose function still eludes us, no monumental
Mound AB, whose origins actually go back five and a half thousands years to 3500 BCE, seen from the rich crop fields that surround many ancient Indus cities including Mohenjo-daro and Dholavira.